'''Edgar Degas''' ( or ; born '''Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas''', ; 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, printmaking|prints
, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism
, although he rejected the term, preferring to be called a Realist visual arts|realist
[Gordon and Forge 1988, p. 31]
He was a superb drawing|draftsman
, and particularly masterly in depicting movement, as can be seen in his renditions of dancers, racecourse subjects and female nude
s. His portrait
s are notable for their psychological complexity and for their portrayal of human isolation.
[Brown 1994, p. 11]
At the beginning of his career, Degas wanted to be a History painting|history painter
, a calling for which he was well prepared by his rigorous academic...